Imaging of Pediatric Epilepsy

AUTHORS

Reza Basiratnia 1 , * , Maryam Rezaei 1 , Manizheh Mottaghi 2 , Farideh Naghshineh 2

1 Departments of Radiology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, IR Iran

2 MRI Unit, Alzahra Hospital, Isfahan, Iran

How to Cite: Basiratnia R, Rezaei M, Mottaghi M, Naghshineh F. Imaging of Pediatric Epilepsy, Iran J Radiol. Online ahead of Print ; 11(30th Iranian Congress of Radiology):e21393. doi: 10.5812/iranjradiol.21393.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Radiology: 11 (30th Iranian Congress of Radiology); e21393
Published Online: February 28, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
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Abstract

Intractable pediatric epilepsy patients represent a challenging clinical population. Each year, approximately 30,000 new cases of pediatric epilepsy are reported. Approximately 25% of these cases are refractory to medical therapy and patients are often severely debilitated by this disease. In patients with refractory epilepsy, neuroimaging is crucial for precisely identifying epileptogenic foci that are potentially amenable to surgical resection for possible cure. Some, but not all causes of pediatric epilepsy are detectable with conventional MR Imaging. We review structural MR findings in these groups of patients with various pathological entities including focal cortical dysplasia, tuberous sclerosis, mesial temporal sclerosis, neoplasms, etc.

Keywords

© 2014, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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