The CT-Based Patient Specific Hip Joint 3D-Modeling; Potential to Create a Virtual Alignment

AUTHORS

Amir Hossein Saveh 1 , * , Ali Reza Zali 1 , Hamidreza Haghighatkhah 2 , Morteza Sanei Taheri 2 , Seyed Morteza Kazemi 3 , Mahmoud Chizari 4 , Kazuyoshi Gammada 5

1 Functional Neurosurgery Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran

2 Department of Radiology, Shohada-e Tajrish Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran

3 Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Akhtar Orthopaedic Research Centre, Tehran, IR Iran

4 School of Design and Engineering, Brunel University West London, UK

5 Medical Engineering and Technology, Graduate School of Medical Technology and Health Welfare Sciences, Hiroshima, Japan

How to Cite: Saveh A H, Zali A R, Haghighatkhah H, Sanei Taheri M, Kazemi S M, et al. The CT-Based Patient Specific Hip Joint 3D-Modeling; Potential to Create a Virtual Alignment, Iran J Radiol. Online ahead of Print ; 11(30th Iranian Congress of Radiology):e21305. doi: 10.5812/iranjradiol.21305.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Radiology: 11 (30th Iranian Congress of Radiology); e21305
Published Online: February 28, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
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Abstract

Background: The salvage proximal femoral osteotomy is performed in mild to moderate forms of osteoarthritis when the articulating surfaces are normal and relieves the subjects pain. Because of the importance of angular mal-alignment of the femur bone at the hip junction, accurate pre-op planning based on patient specific anatomy is required to prevent any lower misalignment and joint problem.

Patients and Methods: In this study, a virtual CT-Based modeling technique was used to a 3D-Model of the patients pelvis and proximal femur. The registration stage using angio-fluoroscopy was performed to calculate the proximal femur kinematic and input it into a finite element model to achieve the stress distribution pattern of femoroacetabular joint.

Results: To assess the biomechanics of the joint contact surface, it is necessary to have the stress distribution in the articulating surfaces of the hip joint. The decision about the salvage surgical approach and the appropriate plan for wedge excision will be made based on the biomechanical results at the joint. FE model also provides additional information on the stress profile of the contact surface when the joint moves from full extension to full flexion.

Conclusions: Use of a non-invasive 3D modeling method will remediate the surgical approach in pre-op stage. Here, the in-vivo modeling and assessment of the patient femuroacetabular contact is approved. It has been shown that the accuracy of the proposed model is comparable with the existing surgical pre-op planning.

Keywords

© 2014, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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