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What Should We Know in BIPPS

AUTHORS

Rambod Salouti 1 , *

1 Tehran University of Medical Sciences

How to Cite: Salouti R. What Should We Know in BIPPS, Iran J Radiol. Online ahead of Print ; 14(Special Issue):e48417. doi: 10.5812/iranjradiol.48417.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Radiology: 14 (Special Issue); e48417
Published Online: April 12, 2017
Article Type: Abstract
Received: December 20, 2016
Accepted: February 7, 2017
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Abstract

Cushings syndrome is a rare endocrine disease characterized by hypercortisolemia caused by excess ACTH secreted by the pituitary. Distinguishing pituitary sources from the ectopic sources of ACTH is challenging because of the limited accuracy of noninvasive assays. The test that offers the highest sensitivity and specificity is bilateral inferior petrosal sinus sampling (BIPSS). In patients without a suggestive pituitary lesion on MRI of greater than 1 cm in size, inferior petrosal sinus sampling provides excellent specificity and higher sensitivity than other available biochemical testing strategies .BIPSS is an interventional radiology procedure in which ACTH levels obtained from venous drainage very near the pituitary gland are compared to peripheral blood levels before and after corticotropin hormone (CRH) stimulation. A gradient between these two locations indicates pituitary Cushings, whereas the absence of a gradient suggests ectopic Cushings. In some cases, intrapituitary gradients from side-to-side can be helpful to localize small adenomas within the sella. BIPSS has rare complications and is considered safe.

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© 2017, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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