How Useful is Ultrasound in the Imaging Workup of Malrotation?
K. How Useful is Ultrasound in the Imaging Workup of Malrotation?,
Iran J Radiol.
Online ahead of Print
; 11(30th Iranian Congress of Radiology):e21395.
The position of third portion of duodenum (D3) is always intramesenteric in malrotation. Displaying normal retromesenteric- retroperitoneal position of D3 by ultrasound (US) can help to rule out malrotation.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of US in demonstration of retroperitoneal D3.
Patients and Methods:
Abdominal US study was performed for various indications in sixty newborns and infants [Mean age: 33 days (range: 4-100 days); 56.7% male] by an expert paediatric radiologist. D3 position and its adjacent structures were evaluated in axial and longitudinal planes by linear and curve transducers.
Normal retromesenteric-retroperitoneal D3 between superior mesenteric artery and aorta was seen by US in all patients, including those with severe bowel gas. Mean time for displaying D3 was 47.8 s (10-180 s). Ultrasound was also capable to demonstrate D3 structure, diameter, content, its adjacent structures, relative position of superior mesenteric artery and vein.
Ultrasound is a simple, fast and highly accurate modality for confirming retroperitoneal position of D3. Ultrasound can be used as the screening method for malrotation and obviate unnecessary barium studies.
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