IF: 0.478
Cite Score:
0.54
THOMSON REUTERS - SCOPUS

QCT and Diagnosis of Osteoporosis

AUTHORS

Laleh Ebrahimpour 1 , *

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Department of Radiology, Sina Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, IR Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Radiology: 11 (30th Iranian Congress of Radiology); e21298
Published Online: February 28, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Crossmark

Crossmark

CHEKING

READ FULL TEXT
Abstract

Noninvasive measurement of bone mineral density (BMD) is a technology that benefits both the patient and society through its potential to decrease the morbidity, mortality, and cost of fractures associated with osteoporosis through early detection and treatment. In general, two sites are assessed, the spine and the hip. If one of these sites cannot be assessed, the protocol should outline the next site to be used. Quantitative computed tomography (QCT) can identify patients with low BMD compared to the QCT reference database and who are at risk for fracture. QCT cannot be used to diagnose osteoporosis based on the quantitative BMD value obtained, since it has never been validated for WHO criteria. It is, however, the only other technology besides DXA that is approved for treatment follow up. Quantitative computed tomography (CT) is a three-dimensional non-projectional technique to quantify bone mineral density (BMD) in the spine, proximal femur, forearm, and tibia with a number of advantages to other densitometric techniques: cortical and trabecular bone can be separated, trabecular volumes of interest (VOI) are largely independent of degenerative changes in the spine; so, QCT can be used to assess/monitor patients with extensive degenerative disc disease, more sensitively than DXA for density changes in the vertebral body and 3D geometric parameters can be determined. Bone mineral density (BMD), as measured by QCT, is a true density measured in g/cm3, in contrast to dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), which determines an areal density (BMDa) measured in g/cm2. It has also some disadvantages such as higher radiation dose and lack of applicability with WHO diagnostic criteria, Furthermore, diagnosis of low bone mass is made by using the QCT criteria which is technically more difficult than DXA unless spiral technique is used. In modern spiral CT scanners, various techniques are implemented to significantly reduce radiation exposure by optimally adapting the X-ray tube current to the individual subject being scanned. The level of dose reduction depends on anatomical location. However, due to limited medical evidence, definitive advice on its use in all clinical practices cannot be provided until more data emerge.

Keywords

© 2014, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
Full Text

Full text is available in PDF

COMMENTS

LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: