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Renal Artery Stenosis and Its Predictors in Hypertensive Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Angiography


Hakimeh Vahedparast 1 , Mohammad Reza Pourbehi 1 , Abdullatif Amini 1 , Maryam Ravanipour 2 , * , Shokrollah Farrokhi 1 , Kamran Mirzaei 1 , Nima Nasehi 1


1 Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Iran

2 1) Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Bushehr University of Medical SciencesServices, 2) The Persian Gulf Tropical and Infectious Disease Research Center, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Ravanipour@gmail.com, Iran


Iranian Journal of Radiology: 8 (4); 235-240
Article Type: Research Article
Received: October 10, 2010
Accepted: September 20, 2011




Background: Renal artery stenosis (RAS) has been increasingly recognized in the recent years, especially in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). RAS affects the patients with hypertension (HTN), but the exact prevalence is not known.
Objectives: This study was performed to determine the prevalence and to identify the predictors of RAS in hypertensive patients undergoing coronary artery angiography.
Patients and Methods: In a cross-sectional study from August 2008 to August 2009, 481 patients with HTN and suspected CAD underwent selective coronary and renal angiography for screening and predicting RAS. RAS was defined as a higher than 50% stenosis in the renal artery lumen. Multivariate analysis of factors associated with the presence of RAS were examined using a logistic regression model.
Results: The mean ± standard deviation of age was 59.25 ± 10.81 years and 50.3% were men. According to angiographic data, 425 patients (88.4%) had CAD, while 56 (11.6%) had normal coronary arteries. RAS was seen in 94 (22%) patients with CAD. The multivariate logistic regression analysis identified only age (P < 0.001) and the number of significant coronary lesions (P < 0.001) as independent predictors of RAS. Gender, smoking, congestive heart failure, diabetes mellitus (DM), hyperlipidemia (HLP) and body mass index (BMI) were not independent predictors.
Conclusions: This study suggests that in the management of patients with RAS, risk factors should most likely be considered as beneficial. In addition, the clinical and angiographic features are helpful in predicting its presence in elderly patients with CAD.



  • Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:
    Understanding the prevalence and predictors of RAS in hypertensive candidates of coronary angiography helps to choose a more precise and cost benefit selection of high risk patients for RAS assessment.
  • Please cite this paper as:
    Vahedparast H, Pourbehi MR, Amini A, Ravanipour M, Farrokhi S, Mirzaei K, et al. Renal Artery Stenosis and Its Predictors in Hypertensive Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Angiography. Iran J Radiol. 2011;8(4):235-40. DOI: 10.5812/iranjradiol.4553

Copyright © 2011, Tehran University of Medical Sciences and Iranian
Society of Radiology. Published by Kowsar Corp. All rights reserved.


Renal Artery Obstruction Coronary Artery Disease Hypertension Angiography

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