Iranian Journal of Radiology

Published by: Kowsar

Corticobulbar Tract Involvement in Neuropsychiatric Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: A Case Report

Ho Kyun Kim 1 , Mun Han 2 and Hui Joong Lee 3 , *
Authors Information
1 Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Catholic University of Daegu, Daegu, Korea
2 Department of Medical and Biological Engineering, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea
3 Department of Radiology, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Korea
Article information
  • Iranian Journal of Radiology: July 01, 2016, 13 (3); e32927
  • Published Online: May 23, 2016
  • Article Type: Case Report
  • Received: September 4, 2015
  • Revised: January 1, 2016
  • Accepted: April 9, 2016
  • DOI: 10.5812/iranjradiol.32927

To Cite: Kim H K, Han M, Lee H J. Corticobulbar Tract Involvement in Neuropsychiatric Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: A Case Report, Iran J Radiol. 2016 ; 13(3):e32927. doi: 10.5812/iranjradiol.32927.

Abstract
Copyright © 2016, Tehran University of Medical Sciences and Iranian Society of Radiology. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Introduction
2. Case Presentation
3. Discussion
Footnotes
References
  • 1. Moskowitz N. Systemic lupus erythematosus of the central nervous system: 1. Classification, epidemiology, pathology, diagnosis, and therapy. Mt Sinai J Med. 1988; 55(2): 147-53[PubMed]
  • 2. Peterson PL, Axford JS, Isenberg D. Imaging in CNS lupus. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2005; 19(5): 727-39[DOI]
  • 3. van Dam AP. Diagnosis and pathogenesis of CNS lupus. Rheumatol Int. 1991; 11(1): 1-11[PubMed]
  • 4. Gonzalez-Crespo MR, Blanco FJ, Ramos A, Ciruelo E, Mateo I, Lopez Pino MA, et al. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain in systemic lupus erythematosus. Br J Rheumatol. 1995; 34(11): 1055-60[PubMed]
  • 5. Magro Checa C, Cohen D, Bollen EL, van Buchem MA, Huizinga TW, Steup-Beekman GM. Demyelinating disease in SLE: is it multiple sclerosis or lupus? Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2013; 27(3): 405-24[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Nived O, Sturfelt G, Liang MH, De Pablo P. The ACR nomenclature for CNS lupus revisited. Lupus. 2003; 12(12): 872-6[PubMed]
  • 7. Terao S, Miura N, Takeda A, Takahashi A, Mitsuma T, Sobue G. Course and distribution of facial corticobulbar tract fibres in the lower brain stem. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2000; 69(2): 262-5[PubMed]
  • 8. Appenzeller S, Li LM, Costallat LT, Cendes F. Evidence of reversible axonal dysfunction in systemic lupus erythematosus: a proton MRS study. Brain. 2005; 128: 2933-40[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Kao CH, Lan JL, ChangLai SP, Liao KK, Yen RF, Chieng PU. The role of FDG-PET, HMPAO-SPET and MRI in the detection of brain involvement in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Eur J Nucl Med. 1999; 26(2): 129-34[PubMed]
  • 10. Carbotte RM, Denburg SD, Denburg JA, Nahmias C, Garnett ES. Fluctuating cognitive abnormalities and cerebral glucose metabolism in neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1992; 55(11): 1054-9[PubMed]
  • 11. Yim SH, Kim JH, Han ZA, Jeon S, Cho JH, Kim GS, et al. Distribution of the corticobulbar tract in the internal capsule. J Neurol Sci. 2013; 334(1-2): 63-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Urban PP, Vogt T, Hopf HC. Corticobulbar tract involvement in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. A transcranial magnetic stimulation study. Brain. 1998; 121 ( Pt 6): 1099-108[PubMed]
  • 13. Hagmann P, Thiran JP, Jonasson L, Vandergheynst P, Clarke S, Maeder P, et al. DTI mapping of human brain connectivity: statistical fibre tracking and virtual dissection. Neuroimage. 2003; 19(3): 545-54[PubMed]
  • 14. Jellison BJ, Field AS, Medow J, Lazar M, Salamat MS, Alexander AL. Diffusion tensor imaging of cerebral white matter: a pictorial review of physics, fiber tract anatomy, and tumor imaging patterns. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2004; 25(3): 356-69[PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .
Readers' Comments