Iranian Journal of Radiology

Published by: Kowsar

Quantitative Evaluation of the Fetal Cerebellar Vermis Using the Median View on Two-Dimensional Ultrasound

Cenk Gezer 1 , * , Atalay Ekin 1 , Naciye Sinem Gezer 2 , Ulas Solmaz 1 and Mehmet Ozeren 1
Authors Information
1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Izmir Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey
2 Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey
Article information
  • Iranian Journal of Radiology: April 01, 2016, 13 (2); e34870
  • Published Online: March 26, 2016
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: November 19, 2015
  • Revised: January 15, 2016
  • Accepted: January 25, 2016
  • DOI: 10.5812/iranjradiol.34870

To Cite: Gezer C, Ekin A, Sinem Gezer N, Solmaz U, Ozeren M. Quantitative Evaluation of the Fetal Cerebellar Vermis Using the Median View on Two-Dimensional Ultrasound, Iran J Radiol. 2016 ; 13(2):e34870. doi: 10.5812/iranjradiol.34870.

Copyright © 2016, Tehran University of Medical Sciences and Iranian Society of Radiology. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Altman NR, Naidich TP, Braffman BH. Posterior fossa malformations. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1992; 13(2): 691-724[PubMed]
  • 2. Goldstein RB, Podrasky AE, Filly RA, Callen PW. Effacement of the fetal cisterna magna in association with myelomeningocele. Radiology. 1989; 172(2): 409-13[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Zalel Y, Seidman DS, Brand N, Lipitz S, Achiron R. The development of the fetal vermis: an in-utero sonographic evaluation. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2002; 19(2): 136-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Zhao D, Liu W, Cai A, Li J, Chen L, Wang B. Quantitative evaluation of the fetal cerebellar vermis using the median view on three-dimensional ultrasound. Prenat Diagn. 2013; 33(2): 153-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Pilu G, Nicolaides KH. Diagnosis of fetal abnormalities: The 18-23-week scan. 1999;
  • 6. Boddaert N, Klein O, Ferguson N, Sonigo P, Parisot D, Hertz-Pannier L, et al. Intellectual prognosis of the Dandy-Walker malformation in children: the importance of vermian lobulation. Neuroradiology. 2003; 45(5): 320-4[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Aletebi FA, Fung KF. Neurodevelopmental outcome after antenatal diagnosis of posterior fossa abnormalities. J Ultrasound Med. 1999; 18(10): 683-9[PubMed]
  • 8. Carroll SG, Porter H, Abdel-Fattah S, Kyle PM, Soothill PW. Correlation of prenatal ultrasound diagnosis and pathologic findings in fetal brain abnormalities. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2000; 16(2): 149-53[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Achiron R, Kivilevitch Z, Lipitz S, Gamzu R, Almog B, Zalel Y. Development of the human fetal pons: in utero ultrasonographic study. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2004; 24(5): 506-10[DOI][PubMed]
  • 10. Kennedy A. Diagnostic imaging: Obstetrics. 2011; : 24-9
  • 11. Kollias SS, Ball WJ, Prenger EC. Cystic malformations of the posterior fossa: differential diagnosis clarified through embryologic analysis. Radiographics. 1993; 13(6): 1211-31[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Bordarier C, Aicardi J. Dandy-Walker syndrome and agenesis of the cerebellar vermis: diagnostic problems and genetic counselling. Dev Med Child Neurol. 1990; 32(4): 285-94[PubMed]
  • 13. Bromley B, Nadel AS, Pauker S, Estroff JA, Benacerraf BR. Closure of the cerebellar vermis: evaluation with second trimester US. Radiology. 1994; 193(3): 761-3[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Paladini D, Volpe P. Posterior fossa and vermian morphometry in the characterization of fetal cerebellar abnormalities: a prospective three-dimensional ultrasound study. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2006; 27(5): 482-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. Vinals F, Munoz M, Naveas R, Shalper J, Giuliano A. The fetal cerebellar vermis: anatomy and biometric assessment using volume contrast imaging in the C-plane (VCI-C). Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2005; 26(6): 622-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Pilu G, Romero R, De Palma L, Jeanty P, Burdine C, Hobbins JC. Ultrasound investigation of the posterior fossa in the fetus. Am J Perinatol. 1987; 4(2): 155-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 17. Laing FC, Frates MC, Brown DL, Benson CB, Di Salvo DN, Doubilet PM. Sonography of the fetal posterior fossa: false appearance of mega-cisterna magna and Dandy-Walker variant. Radiology. 1994; 192(1): 247-51[DOI][PubMed]
  • 18. Pilu G, Visentin A, Valeri B. The Dandy-Walker complex and fetal sonography. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2000; 16(2): 115-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 19. Barkovich AJ, Kjos BO, Norman D, Edwards MS. Revised classification of posterior fossa cysts and cystlike malformations based on the results of multiplanar MR imaging. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1989; 153(6): 1289-300[DOI][PubMed]
  • 20. Rizzo G, Pietrolucci ME, Mammarella S, Dijmeli E, Bosi C, Arduini D. Assessment of cerebellar vermis biometry at 18-32 weeks of gestation by three-dimensional ultrasound examination. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2012; 25(5): 519-22[DOI][PubMed]
  • 21. Zalel Y, Yagel S, Achiron R, Kivilevich Z, Gindes L. Three-dimensional ultrasonography of the fetal vermis at 18 to 26 weeks' gestation: time of appearance of the primary fissure. J Ultrasound Med. 2009; 28(1): 1-8[PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments