Iranian Journal of Radiology

Published by: Kowsar

Nutcracker Syndrome Accompanying Pelvic Congestion Syndrome; Color Doppler Sonography and Multislice CT Findings: A Case Report

Mikail Inal 1 , * , Mihrace Yasemin Karadeniz Bilgili 1 and Safa Sahin 1
Authors Information
1 Department of Radiology, Kirikkale University, Yahsihan, Kirikkale, Turkey
Article information
  • Iranian Journal of Radiology: May 01, 2014, 11 (2); e11075
  • Published Online: May 24, 2014
  • Article Type: Case ReportAbdominal Imaging
  • Received: March 5, 2013
  • Revised: April 4, 2013
  • Accepted: May 8, 2013
  • DOI: 10.5812/iranjradiol.11075

To Cite: Inal M, Karadeniz Bilgili M Y, Sahin S. Nutcracker Syndrome Accompanying Pelvic Congestion Syndrome; Color Doppler Sonography and Multislice CT Findings: A Case Report, Iran J Radiol. 2014 ; 11(2):e11075. doi: 10.5812/iranjradiol.11075.

Copyright © 2014, Tehran University of Medical Sciences and Iranian Society of Radiology. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Introduction
2. Case Presentation
3. Discussion
  • 1. Waseem M, Upadhyay R, Prosper G. The nutcracker syndrome: an underrecognized cause of hematuria. Eur J Pediatr. 2012; 171(8): 1269-71[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Kurklinsky AK, Rooke TW. Nutcracker phenomenon and nutcracker syndrome. Mayo Clin Proc. 2010; 85(6): 552-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Ahmed K, Sampath R, Khan MS. Current trends in the diagnosis and management of renal nutcracker syndrome: a review. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2006; 31(4): 410-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Kim KW, Cho JY, Kim SH, Yoon JH, Kim DS, Chung JW, et al. Diagnostic value of computed tomographic findings of nutcracker syndrome: correlation with renal venography and renocaval pressure gradients. Eur J Radiol. 2011; 80(3): 648-54[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Fu WJ, Hong BF, Gao JP, Xiao YY, Yang Y, Cai W, et al. Nutcracker phenomenon: a new diagnostic method of multislice computed tomography angiography. Int J Urol. 2006; 13(7): 870-3[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Dellavedova T, Racca L, Ponzano RM, Minuzzi S, Olmedo JJ, Minuzzi G. Nutcracker syndrome: a case report. Rev Mex Urol. 2010; 70(1): 51-4
  • 7. Belenky A, Bartal G, Atar E, Cohen M, Bachar GN. Ovarian varices in healthy female kidney donors: incidence, morbidity, and clinical outcome. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2002; 179(3): 625-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Karcaaltincaba M, Karcaaltincaba D, Dogra VS. Pelvic Congestion Syndrome. Ultrasound Clinics. 2008; 3(3): 415-25[DOI]
  • 9. Cicchiello LA, Hamper UM, Scoutt LM. Ultrasound Evaluation of Gynecologic Causes of Pelvic Pain. Ultrasound Clinics. 2010; 5(2): 209-31[DOI]
  • 10. Mohammadi A, Ghasemi-Rad M, Mladkova N, Masudi S. Varicocele and nutcracker syndrome: sonographic findings. J Ultrasound Med. 2010; 29(8): 1153-60[PubMed]
  • 11. Muraoka N, Sakai T, Kimura H, Uematsu H, Tanase K, Yokoyama O, et al. Rare causes of hematuria associated with various vascular diseases involving the upper urinary tract. Radiographics. 2008; 28(3): 855-67[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Karaosmanoglu D, Karcaaltincaba M, Karcaaltincaba D, Akata D, Ozmen M. MDCT of the ovarian vein: normal anatomy and pathology. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2009; 192(1): 295-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 13. Chen YM, Wang IK, Ng KK, Huang CC. Nutcracker syndrome: an overlooked cause of hematuria. Chang Gung Med J. 2002; 25(10): 700-5[PubMed]
  • 14. Chang CT, Hung CC, Ng KK, Yen TH. Nutcracker syndrome and left unilateral haematuria. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2005; 20(2): 460-1[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments