The Role of Interventional Radiology in Diseases of the Hepatobiliary System


Hossein Ghanaati 1 , * , Kavous Firouznia 1 , Amir Hossein Jalali 1 , Madjid Shakiba 1

1 Advanced Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology Research Center (ADIR), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran

How to Cite: Ghanaati H, Firouznia K, Hossein Jalali A, Shakiba M. The Role of Interventional Radiology in Diseases of the Hepatobiliary System, Iran J Radiol. Online ahead of Print ; 11(30th Iranian Congress of Radiology):e21277. doi: 10.5812/iranjradiol.21277.


Iranian Journal of Radiology: 11 (30th Iranian Congress of Radiology); e21277
Published Online: February 28, 2014
Article Type: Research Article


Interventional radiology is a safe, less invasive therapeutic modality as compared with open surgery in the treatment of hepatobiliary diseases with less recovery time and significant side effects or damage to the adjacent normal tissues. Patients who have suffered hepatobiliary problems benefit from interventional radiology (IR) techniques. First-line modern imaging modalities, such as duplex ultrasonography, 3 and 4 phasic CT scan, and high-resolution MRI, have revolutionized the diagnosis and management of hepatobiliary diseases. Pioneers in this field have performed IR procedures, such as transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS), transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB), biliary stent, and embolotherapy, for the hepatobilliary system. Recently, interventional radiologists, in cooperation with gastrohepatologists, have even further promoted development of this field of medicine. For management of patients, we need collaboration between internists, gastroenterologists, oncologists, surgeons and interventional radiologists. This multidisciplinary management requires attendance of several health service providers. This review provides an overview of the interventional procedures for patients with hepatobiliary problems.

© 2014, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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